BERNSTEIN, ARON DAVID


BERNSTEIN, ARON DAVID
BERNSTEIN, ARON DAVID (1812–1884), German political and scientific writer and one of the founders of the Jewish Reform community in Berlin. Born in Danzig (Gdansk), he had a thorough religious education in a yeshivah in Fordon, but no secular schooling of any kind. At the age of 20 he went to Berlin, where he taught himself the German language, and literature and science. He earned his living for some years as an antiquarian bookseller, but began publishing in German in 1834 with an annotated translation of the Song of Songs. Bernstein combined progressive thought in politics, science and religion with a nostalgic affection for Jewish ghetto life. His main interest was natural science, of which he became a successful popularizer. He promoted the Jewish Reform Movement in Berlin, proclaiming that change is the basic principle of Judaism. In addition he edited the community monthly, Die Reform-Zeitung. Bernstein's widely read stories, written in the German-Jewish dialect (Judendeutsch)Voegele der Maggid and Mendel Gibbor (1860; reissued 1934, 1935, 1994) – were forerunners of a literary genre which sentimentalized the Jewish lower middle class in small-town ghettos. They were translated into several languages. During the Prussian liberal era, Bernstein, who wrote under the pseudonym of A. Rebenstein, was influential as a political journalist. A champion of democracy, he fought on the barricades during the Prussian revolution of 1848. In 1849, when the revolutionary tide receded, he founded the Urwaehlerzeitung, an organ advocating moderate political reform. This brought him into conflict with the authorities, and in about 1852 the newspaper was suppressed and he was sentenced to four months' imprisonment. As a successor to the Urwaehlerzeitung, Bernstein founded the influential daily, the Berliner Volkszeitung, where his political editorials and articles on popular science appeared for nearly 30 years. A selection of his political articles was published in 1883–84. His essays on science, Naturwissenschaftliche Volksbuecher, were published in 21 volumes (1855–56), and a Hebrew translation (mainly by David Frischmann) entitled Yedi'ot ha-Teva appeared in Warsaw from 1881 to 1891. Bernstein himself was a practical scientist and experimented widely in telegraphy and photography. -ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: J.H. Schoeps, Buergerliche Aufklaerung und liberales Freiheitsdenken (1992); R. Heuer (ed.), Lexikon deutsch-juedischer   Autoren 2 (1993), 289–300 (bibl.); G. von Glasenapp, Ausder Judengasse (1996). (Robert Weltsch / Marcus Pyka (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bernstein — fossiles Harz * * * Bẹrn|stein 〈m. 1〉 fossiles Harz von ausgestorbenen Nadelholzbäumen, oft mit Einschlüssen versehen ● Bernsteine sammeln [<mnddt. born , barn , bernsten; → brennen] * * * Bẹrn|stein [mittelniederdt. bern[e]stein, eigtl. =… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ossip Bernstein — Full name Ossip Samoilovich Bernstein Country …   Wikipedia

  • Ossip Bernstein — Ossip Samoïlovitch Bernstein (en russe Осип Самойлович Бернштейн) (né le 20 septembre 1882 à Jytomyr (Ukraine) – mort le 30 novembre 1962 dans les Pyrénées françaises) était un grand maître international d’échecs et avocat financier …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Predictions of Soviet collapse — There were people who predicted that the Soviet Union would eventually be dissolved before the process of dissolution began with the fall of the Berlin Wall in November 1989. Authors often credited with having predicted the dissolution of the… …   Wikipedia

  • HUNGARY — HUNGARY, state in S.E. Central Europe. Middle Ages to the Ottoman Conquest Archaeological evidence indicates the existence of Jews in Pannonia and Dacia, who came there in the wake of the Roman legions. Jewish historical tradition, however, only… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • literature — /lit euhr euh cheuhr, choor , li treuh /, n. 1. writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. 2.… …   Universalium

  • José Raúl Capablanca — Infobox chess player playername = José Raúl Capablanca caption= birthname = José Raúl Capablanca country = CUB datebirth = birth date|1888|11|19 placebirth = Havana, Cuba datedeath = death date and age|1942|3|8|1888|11|19 placedeath = New York… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Opern — Diese Tabelle ist mit einem Klick in die jeweilige Spaltenüberschrift nach Bedarf sortierbar. Originaltitel Deutscher Titel Komponist Entstehung UA Librettist Literarische Vorlage Autor der Vorlage Postillon de Lonjumeau, Le Le Postillon de… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Librettist — ist der Autor eines Librettos. Er kann dafür einen eigenen Handlungsverlauf entwickeln oder von vorhandenen Stoffen und Texten ausgehen. Die eigenständige dramaturgische und literarische Qualität librettistischer Arbeit wurde erst in jüngerer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • SPORTS — There is no evidence of sports among the Jews during the obscure period between the close of the Bible and the Maccabean periods. At the beginning of this latter period, in the second century B.C.E., circumstances conspired to make sporting… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.